When discussing expansion joint selection, the conversation typically focuses on the quality, durability and capabilities of the expansion joint. However, the expansion joint’s role in the overall energy efficiency and optimization of the piping system is often overlooked.
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High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is a chemical analysis technique with wide applications, from food and medical safety to manufacturing. HPLC can detect vitamin D levels in blood serum or performance enhancing drugs in urine. The technique has even been used to synthesize blood and determine DNA evidence in forensic investigations.
Within the oil and gas industry, the rotating shafts of equipment—such as pumps, motors, compressors, gearboxes and turbines—perform an essential function in both upstream and downstream applications. This rotating equipment ensures process flow and the safety of employees and the surrounding community.
One of the oldest sealing devices, compression packing is still very common in modern industries such as oil and gas, petrochemical, agriculture, pulp and paper, power generation, and mining. Compression packing is made from a range of soft and pliable fibrous yarn materials—from vegetable and animal fiber to many high-performance synthetic fibers.
A leak rate of one drip per minute equals about a liter (quart) of water in three days. For an O-ring on a submersible pump, that is a major problem. O-rings are often used for static seals on submersible pumps. Understanding what makes a good static seal and what causes one to leak is important for pump maintenance and repair technicians.
Part One of this series explained how the clamping force on a bolted flange connection (BFC) can play a major role in preventing gasket blowout. In fact, more often than not, it is the single most important factor. Part Two discusses the two most important strategies to use for applying the correct clamping force.
Bearings in centrifugal pumps support hydraulic loads imposed on the impeller, the mass of the impeller and shaft, and loads caused by couplings and drive systems. They also keep axial and radial shaft deflections within acceptable limits for the impeller and shaft seal.
For 17 years, Pete Petrunich has been the authoritative expert on sealing technology.
Every month for the past decade, the Fluid Sealing Association’s technical director has coordinated the “Sealing Sense” articles for Pumps & Systems.
A basic electrical safety rule is that water and electricity do not mix. However, alternating current (AC) induction motors must function in or under water to operate pumps, mixers and aerators in industrial water and wastewater applications.
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I hope that my last column (Pumps & Systems, September 2014) provided a clearer definition of power factor and how it can be calculated.
In past “Pumping Prescriptions” columns this year, I have discussed the procedure of piping size selection when given the process flow requirement and how this affects the pump’s power consumption. In this column, two computer calculation tools will be detailed.