This article explores the use of condition monitoring at the UPM-Kymmene's Wisaforest pulp and paper mill in Finland. Production capacity is 800,000 air dried tons per annum (ADt/a) of pulp and 180,000 ADt/a of kraft and sack papers.

While it is valid to state that energy efficiency is defined as the same level of production achieved at an overall lower energy cost, it is equally important for today's machine builders and automation engineers to remember an energy efficient system can actually translate into higher productivity. This is achievable through a comprehensive approach to energy management.

In today's growing industrialized market, the need for reciprocating pumps is increasing daily. As technology drives modernization, the demand placed on the pumping systems is continually rising.

The 4-20mA current loop is used to transmit analog data representing various process variables like level, pressure, temperature or flow. Although conceptually simple, a 4-20mA current loop can be tricky to troubleshoot. Current flows in a single direction through each device in the loop.

Last month we reviewed the pump selection criteria for a typical constant pressure-variable flow (Cp-Vf) application that utilized variable speed (VFD) control. This month we will explore an application where pressure varies in proportion to a change in flow.

An automated monitor provides a live, continuous picture of exactly what is happening inside a turbine for protection, prediction, performance monitoring, and integration of the data with process control.

State and federal requirements increase the need for pump monitoring and control.

Economic pressures to minimize production downtime and improve operating efficiency are increasing the emphasis to accomplish on-site problem detection, analysis, and resolution as fast as possible. These requirements place a great deal of pressure on maintenance personnel to have all the right tools readily available in one place.

Frequency analysis is an important method of vibration analysis.

SCADA can be utilized for remote data acquisition, but because it is primarily a real-time control system, the user must make significant compromises to use it for this purpose. These compromises include cost, data integrity, flexibility, convenience and control of the task. Here are some considerations to think through.

Water chemical compatibility and electrical interference are two major challenges for control systems. Two major sources of fresh water can limit the performance of the control system.

Monitoring motor-pump combinations for signs of impending problems provides useful information to prevent pump failure and minimize costly downtime. Since rotating machines exhibit recognizable failure modes that are revealed by their vibrations, analysis of vibration data can identify changing conditions and diagnose an evolving problem. This can be the difference between a plant or mill continuing to operate or having to shut down for unscheduled repairs.

While driving a car with the gas pedal to the floor and then controlling your speed using the brake is obviously inefficient, many facilities use the approach for pump control. Flow control with throt­tling or restrictive devices sacrifices energy efficiency and results in unnecessary costs. However, with an understanding of basic principles, an analysis of the specific application, information about available control solutions and evaluation of technologically advanced equipment, facilities can make a quantum leap in improving the efficiency and econ­omy of pumping operations. pump efficiency

Pressure gauges are an important indicator of whether a system or component is operating correctly. Pressure gauges generally require little to no maintenance, other than periodic calibration. However, if gauges require minimal maintenance, why do some seem to continually wear out?

Explore best practices for securing SCADA systems in remote sites. This article addresses threats and corresponding implementation measures with a focus on SCADA RTU installations and the processes they monitor and control.

Even though control technology has become an integral part of many pumping systems, over half of our readers have not expressed much interest in pump controls. I think I know why - today's controls are simply not as intuitively understandable as they once were. Who wants to read about the advantages of PID control without a basic understanding of P, I, and D itself?

Precision laser alignment can help end users avoid multiple problems in wind turbine applications.

Lindmore Irrigation District uses Ethernet radios to improve SCADA communications system and pumping efficiency.

Here is a primer on the proper locations for surge protection in water and wastewater facilities.

Soft starters and VFDs are useful for extending equipment life in HVAC applications.

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