Mechanical seals prevent pumps from leaking by containing the pressure of the pumping process and withstanding the friction caused by the rotating shaft. This results in reliable operation, less wasted product, more cost savings and less cleanup. However, why do mechanical seals fail?
In many pump systems, a mechanical seal is the first component to fail. They are also the most common cause of pump downtime and account for more pump repair costs than any other part of a pump. Often, the seal is not to blame. Other culprits include:
- bearing wear
- improper seal installation
- incorrect seal choice
- lubrication contamination
Therefore, it is crucial they are installed and maintained properly to prevent failures. Teams must pinpoint the causes of each failure, but how do plant and maintenance managers isolate the root cause?
Partner With Fluid Sealing Experts
One option is to have a seal manufacturer perform a seal failure analysis. Some seal manufacturers perform complimentary seal analysis on any seal, not just theirs.
End users simply send their mechanical seal to the manufacturer’s engineering team. If multiple seals need to be analyzed, they may come on-site to perform the root cause analysis. Most reviews can be completed in about two weeks.
With a seal failure analysis, end users receive a complete diagnosis of why the mechanical seal failed and what actions
to take to prevent future failures. The experts who examine the seal can ensure the ideal seal for the application has been selected. If not, they will recommend alternate technologies.
The team will also help end users optimize their system conditions and achieve the best possible operation from their assets. Optimizing mechanical seal performance also improves shutdown to shutdown processes. This information, along with alternative proposals as needed, help end users prevent further failures and improve their return on investment (ROI). In summary, a sealing failure analysis:
- improves environmental controls
- ensures the best installation methods
- prevents future equipment failure
Why Is a Mechanical Seal Failure Analysis Recommended?
Many problems with a system may be discovered by investigating a failed mechanical seal. In most instances, a seal problem is not the reason for the
seal failure. Something else happened to cause it. The story of what the seal experienced during operation before it failed can be revealed. An analysis may determine or confirm:
- if misalignment or other mechanical problems exist in the pump system
- if the seal is suited for the application
- if the seal was installed incorrectly
- if the environmental controls were set up and operated correctly
Correcting the problems identified by the seal failure analysis may have an impact on the system. Several improvements may be made, including:
- optimized operating conditions
- reduced downtime
- best possible life from equipment
- improved performance
- decreased maintenance costs
- increased ROI
Failure Mode Clues
Mechanical seal damage reveals failure clues. Each symptom or clue may mean different things based on:
- where the seal component is
- the irregularity’s location on the component
- the severity of the damage
- irregularities on other parts of the seal
For instance, a stationary seal face is cracked, originating from the drive pin slot. Also, sticky residue has adhered to the face. This crack means something different than a stationary seal face with a crack located at a different position and product residue that is clean and not tacky.
Both cases would look the same on a simple table listing all the seal damage. However, the failure cause would be different. In the first example, the crack was caused by the product attempting to stick the rotary and stationary faces together. This adhesion caused increased torque on the stationary pin. This caused the stationary face to crack.
In the second example, the crack was likely caused by impact. This indicated the seal was not installed properly. Different symptom combinations reveal multiple failure modes.
Requirement for Analysis
To determine the true reason that a seal failed, seal failure analysis is required. Without a diagnosis of the system problem, failure will continue.