Nicole George is the product manager for pumping and enclosed variable frequency drives for Eaton’s Industrial Controls Division, Electrical Sector. George holds a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering from the University of Tennessee and a master’s of business administration from the University of Florida.
With a rise in external pressures like higher energy costs, increased regulations and changing industry standards, the pumping industry is faced with finding creative ways to combat increased life cycle costs of pumping systems. Leveraging modern pumping technologies can help organizations realize cost savings, decrease energy consumption, improve uptime and extend equipment life.
Inherent technology in variable frequency drives (VFDs) can enable these benefits. The multipump function onboard VFDs is used in process applications where multiple pumps maintain pressure or flow. A single proportional integral derivative (PID) controller loop in the VFD is used to maintain a process set point, like a fixed frequency reference. If a single pump is not able to meet the demand, additional pumps are used to boost the system. There are two basic types of multipump control: single drive and multiple drive.
Multipump control with a single drive uses one drive with one motor and controls up to four more motors running across the line. Multipump control with multiple drives uses one drive per motor through a master/slave control platform with a total of five drives. In both scenarios, the VFD uses the onboard PID loop to execute the logic controls based on the fixed frequency reference.
System cost can be reduced when the VFD’s onboard multipump control is used. The PID capabilities inherent to the drive eliminate the need for an external programmable logic controller (PLC) to execute the logic. By removing the PLC from the control system, cost savings result from fewer requirements of equipment, labor and engineering.
While the single-drive solution requires a lower upfront cost due to the price of drives compared to across the line starters for the downstream pumps, greater energy savings are typically realized with the multiple drives solution through inherent energy savings in VFDs for each motor. Furthermore, enabling the onboard energy optimization algorithm on VFDs reduces energy consumption by an additional 2 to 10 percent per motor compared to VFDs without the energy optimization algorithm enabled.
Using multiple pumps to meet a process demand such as flow or pressure impacts system performance and uptime. Properly sizing multiple motors to collectively meet the pressure demand provides redundancy in the pumping system. Using a VFD’s onboard PID loop to control the pumps’ response to the pressure demand builds in redundancy. Suppose a system is sized to use three smaller pumps instead of one larger one to meet the pressure demand. In the event that one of the pumps fails, the drive sends signals to the other two pumps to increase speed and maintain constant pressure, never forcing the system to go offline, despite a pump failure.
Extended Equipment Life
Industry trends show aging infrastructure and cost of replacement systems as one of the top priorities for end users. Maximizing the life of pumping equipment has enormous impact on the total cost of ownership and capital planning. VFDs with multipump functionality extend the life of pumps by equally sharing the run time. Throughout the life of the pumps, the multipump functionality in VFDs shares the load demand by sequencing or alternating pump run time. Another method to extend the life of pumping systems is to destage the pumps in conditions where fewer pumps are required to meet the demand capacity via a sequencing operation.
There is significant opportunity for cost savings and extended equipment life in pumping systems. Using today’s onboard modern technology in VFDs reduces the total cost of ownership for end users by optimizing equipment and software to suit the unique needs of the application.